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The Immigrant Family of Georg Philip Ziegler

  Hans Georg Ziegler and his wife, Sara (last name unknown) had fifteen children. All of whom would live out there lives and die in Weiler am Steinsberg, Sinsheim, Baden, Germany - except one. The thirteenth child, and youngest son, born April 1,1677, was Georg Philip. Georg Philip grew into manhood and married Anna Martha Mayer. Together they had eight children. Three of the eight children died before attaining the age of six. Georg Philip Ziegler was a burgher and member of the Town Council of Weiler in 1727.

  We do not know the reason why Georg Philip made his decision to come to America. Of course, there were many reasons to select from including unwieldy inheritance laws, an over-abundance of specialists in available occupations, and not least, a lingering reaction to the Thirty Years War. Additionally, William Penn dispatched sales people into Germany to extoll the virtues of immigration to Pennsylvania along with the promise of free land.

  Georg Philip and his family, sold all their belongings, home and lands and set out on the biggest adventure of their lives. He paid 24 florins, 19 Kreuzer emigration tax to go to Pennsylvania in addition to the fare charged for the voyage. Georg Philip appears as Philip Seigler, "5-1/2 freights" in the passenger list of the ship "William and Sarah" that arrived in America September 18, 1727. The naming convention was, in Germany, that the first name (Georg) would frequently be completely ignored as though it did not exist in everyday life. Thus, we have multiple Johann's as sons. The 5-1/2 freights signified that four children accompanied their father and mother on the long voyage. In fact, we know that only one of the living children, Maria Catherina, was left behind in Germany because she was a 22 year old married woman. The half "freight" was a daughter, Anna Christina, eleven years old at the time of the voyage. (Children under age twelve traveled at half fare.) The boys accompanying their parents were twenty-four year old Johann Jacob, (the oldest son), Johann Georg, aged fifteen, and Johann Philip, aged thirteen.

Ships List William and SarahThe Ship's List for the "William and Sarah", 1727
Philip Siegler 5-1/2 "freights" Third column, sixth from bottom.

Sailing Ship

  The ship, "William and Sarah", was captained by William Hill. Captain Hill picked up his approximately 400 passengers in Rotterdam and he was obliged to transport these fares to Dover, England where British customs would clear the ship and passengers for travel to America. Apparently, the crossing was above average in safety and health of the passengers. Only four persons died during the voyage - below the average of the day. The William and Sarah arrived in Philadelphia on September 18, 1727 and was the first ship whose passengers were compelled to swear an oath to the British Crown. On September 21, 1727, the family heads and all male passengers sixteen or over gathered at the Philadelphia courthouse for the administration of the Oath of Allegiance or Declaration of Intention.

  In attendence for the ceremony was Pennsylvania's Lieutenant Governor James Logan, The Honorable Patrick Gordon, Esq., Richard Hill, Esq. and William Fishbourn, Esq. along with 109 family heads and able-bodied men over the age of sixteen from the ship "William and Sarah".

Oath of Allegiance to King George II

King George II Crest

  "We subscribers, natives and late inhabitants of the Palatinate upon the Rhine and places adjacent, having transported ourselves and families into this Province of Pennsylvania, a colony subject to the crown of Great Britain, in hopes and expectation of finding a retreat and peaceable settlement therein, Do solemnly promise and engage, that we will be faithful and bear true allegiance to His present MAJESTY, KING GEORGE THE SECOND, and His successors, kings of Great Britain, and will be faithful to the proprietor of this Province; and that we will demean ourselves peaceably to all His said Majesty's subjects, and strictly observe and conform to the Laws of England and of this Province, to the utmost of our power and the best of our understanding."

Oath of Allegiance
Oath of Allegiance signed by Georg Philip Ziegler, September 21, 1727.
(Fourth column, top half, third from bottom.)

Philadelphia Courthouse

The Declaration of Intention

  “At a meeting of the Board of the Provincial Council, held at the Court House in Philadelphia, Sept. 21, 1727, one hundred and nine Palatines appeared, who, with their families, numbered about four hundred persons. These were imported into the Province in the ship William and Sarah, William Hill, Master, from Rotterdam, last from Dover, England, as by clearance from the officers of His Majesty's customs there.”

  From “The Declaration of Intention, 1727”

  We believe the family stayed in the Philadelphia area (possibly in a German community like Perkioming, Skippack or Goshenhoppen) over the winter of 1727-1728. In the spring of 1728 Georg Philip and family set out west for western Lancaster County, across the Susquehanna River. They built temporary housing in what was then Hellam Township, probably along Kreutz Creek and near the Susquehanna River.

  It was not legal to cross the Susquehanna River for settlement in 1728 because Penn insisted that a treaty be ratified with the Indians to secure legal rights to the land first. However, Georg Philip and many others did cross the river and claim property in what was to become York County, Pennsylvania. About 1730, Georg Philip claimed a parcel of property in what was to become West Manchester Township. This land was finally granted to him under one of the first Blunston licenses certified by Thomas Penn on October 30 1736 , he named his land " The Barrens of Jericho ".

  This property is now owned by the J. E. Baker Mining Company. Johann Philip's (Georg Philip's youngest son) home is still standing on the old Barrens but has been left to decay and ruin.

  On Sept. 23, 1733 twenty-three men met to organize the German Lutheran Church in York, PA ( Now Christ Lutheran Church.) Georg Philip and two of his son's names, Johann Jacob and Johann Georg appear on the original charter of this church.

  Georg Philip and his wife Anna Martha are buried somewhere on "The Barrens of Jericho", they are probably one of the earliest internments in Bott's Cemetery . (Now Wolf's Cemetery, in West Manchester Township, York County, Pennsylvania.) Georg Philip became a Constable of Manchester Township in 1750. He was also called "Philip Ziegler"or "John, Sr."

  On October 30, 2000 a memorial was placed in memory of the early progenitor of the Ziegler family, George Philip Ziegler and wife Anna Martha and their children in Bott's Cemetery in West Manchester Township. York County Pennsylvania. The marker was placed there by Allen and Elaine Ziegler as representers of the Ziegler reunion members. See list of internments at Bott's.

Christ Lutheran Church
Memory Stone at Bott's Cemetery

  Johann Jacob Ziegler, the oldest son, twenty-four when he came to America, married Agnes Schmidt and together they had four children. We know that Johann Jacob died before 1765 in York County, PA.

  Johann Georg Ziegler, fifteen when he arrived in America, married Anna Margaret Hamspacher and together they had ten children. He died in Codorus Township, York County, PA, but no death date is known.

  Johann Philip Ziegler was thirteen upon his arrival in America. he married Anna Margaret Schmidt. They had fifteen children. Johann Philip died April 8th, 1800 in West Manchester Township, York County, PA.

  Anna Christina Ziegler, the youngest child of Georg Philip and Anna Martha, was eleven when she came to America. She married George Mayer and they had one child. Anna died in Manchester Township, York County, PA, but we have no date of her death.


(1) Baden State Archives, Karlsruhe, Germany
(2) Latter Day Saints Library Records #1198097
(3) Records of Henry James Young, York County Historical Trust, York PA.
(4) Ziegler Family File No. 2717 in York County Historical Trust, York PA.
(5) Records of Christ Lutheran Church, York PA.
(6) Folklife Magazine, Summer Issue 1975 Vol. XXIV No. 4, pg. 21.
(7) Hans Georg Ziegler's Progress 1622-2007



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